Dr Andy Gardner


Dyers Brae 19
tel. 01334 463385
fax. 01334 463366

I work on Darwinian adaptation. Natural selection explains the appearance of design in the living world, but at what level is this design expected to manifest – gene, individual, society – and what is its function? Social evolution provides a window on this problem, by pitting the interests of genes, individuals and societies against each other. I develop general theory on the topics of inclusive fitness and multilevel selection, and also tailor general theory to the biology of particular species to facilitate empirical testing. I work on a wide range of biological systems, including viruses, bacteria, protozoa, crustaceans, insects, fish and humans.

For more information about my research and PhD / postdoc opportunities in my lab, visit my website at http://synergy.st-andrews.ac.uk/gardner/.



Hitchcock, T & Gardner, A 2018, 'Parent-of-origin gene expression and dispersal' Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences.
Gonzalez Forero, M & Gardner, A 2018, 'Inference of ecological and social drivers of human brain-size evolution' Nature, vol 557, pp. 554-557. DOI: 10.1038/s41586-018-0127-x
Faria, G, Varela, S & Gardner, A 2018, 'The relation between R. A. Fisher’s sexy-son hypothesis and W. D. Hamilton’s greenbeard effect' Evolution Letters, vol Early View. DOI: 10.1002/evl3.53
Davies, N & Gardner, A 2018, 'Monogamy promotes altruistic sterility in insect societies' Royal Society Open Science, vol 5, 172190. DOI: 10.1098/rsos.172190
O'Brien, S, Hesse, E, Luján, A, Hodgson, D, Gardner, A & Buckling, A 2018, 'No effect of intraspecific relatedness on public goods cooperation in a complex community' Evolution, vol Early View. DOI: 10.1111/evo.13479
1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10  11  12  13  14  15  16  17  18  19  20  21  22  23  24  25  26  27  28